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Native Alaskan Plants

Common Name Latin Name Habitat Growth Habit Bloom Timing Bloom Color Edible/Medicinal Use Sun exposure
Arnica Arnica angustifolia meadow runner July yellow M Full Sun
Artemesia-Wormwood Artemisia frigida open, drought tolerant clump July insignificant M Full Sun
Aster alpine meadow spreads by runners July to August pale purple with yellow centers Full Sun
Baneberry* Actea rubra meadow, moist soils okay small herbaceous

shrub

June white flowers, red or white opaque berries  * Poisonous Partial Sun to Shade
Bedstraw Galium boreale; Galium triflorum; Galium trifidum forest floor ground cover spreads by runners June white EM Full Sun to light Shade
Bluebells Vaccinium uliginosum; Vaccinium ovalifolium meadow, moist soils okay seeds prolifically June blue E Full sun to light Shade
Chocolate lilies Fritillaria camschatcensis meadow, moist soils okay small clumps, generates bulbs June mahogany brown E Full sun
Columbine Aquilegia formosa (Western columbine); Aquilegia brevistyla (smallflower columbine) drought tolerant, from poor soils to meadow Tap root, seeds June to July orange-red M Full sun to light Shade
Cow’s parsnip* (also Indian Celery, Pushki) Heracleum maximum meadow, moist soils okay clump seeds July white EM, * Poisonous Full sun
Death camus* Anticlea elegans meadow, moist soils okay clump June white-green  * Poisonous Full to Partial sun
Devil’s club* Oplopanax horridus needs moisture spreads by runners July white, red opaque berry clusters M, * Poisonous Partial sun to Shade
Dogwood Camus sericea forest floor ground cover spreads by runners May to June white E Full sun to Partial sun
Elderberry Sambucus racemosa open spaces, sun Spreads once established- grows up to six feet a year May to June white, red opaque berry clusters EM Full sun
False hellabore* Veratrum viride meadow, moist soils okay rhizomes, seeds May to June white to pink-white  * Poisonous Full sun to Partial sun
Geranium Geranium erianthum meadow June lavender EM Full sun to Partial sun
Goatsbeard Aruncus dioicus meadow, moist soils okay Forms large clump June creamy white Full sun to Partial sun
Heuchera (also Alum root) HuecheraT moist soils seeds prolifically May to June white Full sun to Partial sun
Iris (also Blue flag) Iris setosa moist soils clump May to June purple Full sun
Jacobs ladder Polemonium pulcherrimum dry, rocky soils to meadow seedsprolifically July lavender Full sun
Larkspur Delphinium glaucum meadow clump July dark purple Full sun
Lupine* Lupinus arcticus; Lupinus nootkatensis poor soils, drought tolerant Tap root May to June purple  * Poisonous Full sun
Monkshood* Aconitum delphinifolium meadow spreads quickly July to August dark purple  * Poisonous Full sun to Light Shade
Pasque flower Anemone patens poor, rocky soils clump May pink-purple Full sun
Prickly rose Rosa acicularis sunny open spaces spreads by runners June to July pale pink with yellow centers, orange-red rosehips EM Full sun
Shooting star Dodecathon frigidum poor, rocky soils clump, May to June pink Full sun
Solomon seal (false) polyganacium / Smilacina stellata meadow spreads by runners May to June insignificant Full sun to partial sun
Valerian Valeriana capitata; Valeriana dioica meadow spreads quickly July white to pink-white M Full sun to partial sun
Yarrow Achillea millefolium meadow, drought tolerant spreads by runners July to August white M Full sun

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