The Social and Scientific Discovery of a Class of Emerging Contaminants: Per- and Polyfluorinated Chemicals
November 8, 2017 @ 9:00am (AKST)
More than 15 million Americans in communities from Maine to Alaska drink water contaminated with toxic chemicals that can be traced to military and industrial sites. These highly fluorinated compounds known as per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, or PFASs, are typically used in firefighting foams, oil and water repellents, furniture, waterproof clothes, take out containers, non-stick cookware, and many manufacturing processes. There is mounting scientific evidence of the link between exposure to PFASs and a wide range of adverse health effects.
A national conference held in Boston this year addressed the social, scientific, political, economic, and environmental health issues raised by PFASs. Presenters examined both ubiquitous exposure in consumer products and discrete historic and recent contamination discoveries in drinking water and soil around the world.
Speakers on this call give an overview of PFAS contamination and concerns around the country, and examples of how communities, scientists, and environmental regulators are taking effective action to study these chemicals and address their concerns.
Toxic firefighting chemicals ‘the most seminal public health challenge’
Proposal for coordinated health research in PFAS-contaminated communities in the United States (Published November 14, 2017 in Environmental Health
Birnbaum and Grandjean 2016 Alternatives to PFAS (Environmental Health Perspectives article)
Blum et al 2015 Madrid Statement on PFAs (Environmental Health Perspectives article)
Scheringer et al 2014 Helsingor Statement on PFAS (Chemosphere)
Phil Brown, Ph.D.,University Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Health Science at Northeastern University, where he directs the Social Science Environmental Health Research Institute. He is the author of No Safe Place: Toxic Waste, Leukemia, and Community Action, and Toxic Exposures: Contested Illnesses and the Environmental Health Movement, and co-editor of Social Movements in Health, and Contested Illnesses: Citizens, Science and Health and Social Movements. He studies biomonitoring and household exposure and reporting back data to participants, social policy concerning flame retardants and perfluorinated compounds (https://pfasproject.com/), and health social movements. He directs an NIEHS T-32 training program, “Transdisciplinary Training at the Intersection of Environmental Health and Social Science.” He heads the Community Outreach and Translation Core of Northeastern’s Children’s Environmental Health Center and both the Research Translation Core and Community Engagement Core of Northeastern’s Superfund Research Program. He is on the National Advisory Environmental Health Science Council, which advises the director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.
Alissa Cordner, Ph.D., Assistant Professor at Whitman College, where she teaches sociology and environmental studies courses. Her research focuses on environmental sociology, the sociology of risk and disasters, environmental health and justice, and public engagement in science and policy making. She is the author of Toxic Safety: Flame Retardants, Chemical Controversies, and Environmental Health (2016, Columbia University Press) and the co-author of The Civic Imagination: Making a Difference in American Political Life (2014, Paradigm Publishers). She has conducted extensive research on the regulation, research, and activism related to industrial chemicals, and is the co-PI on an NSF-funded project investigating the social and scientific discovery of PFAS compounds. She is also currently studying the sociological aspects of wildfire risk management in the Northwest.